Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Derivational Affix

Derivational Affix

A derivational affix is an affix by means of which one word is formed (derived) from another. The derived word is often of a different word class from the original.

In contrast to an inflectional affix, a derivational affix:

  • is not part of an obligatory set of affixes
  • generally occurs closer to the root
  • generally is more meaningful, and
  • is more likely to result in a form that has a somewhat idiosyncratic meaning.

(English)

  • Joyful
  • Joyfulness
  • Stapler
Page/s: 342
Source: Mish 1991

Mish, Frederick (editor). 1991.Webster's ninth new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. 1,564 pages. 0877795088; indexed 0877795096; deluxe 087779510X.

Page/s: 62
Source: Hartmann and Stork 1972

Hartmann, R.R.K., and F.C. Stork. 1972.Dictionary of language and linguistics. London: Applied Science.

Page/s: 89
Source: Crystal 1985

Crystal, David. 1985.A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell.

Page/s: 81–82, 99
Source: Bybee 1985

Bybee, Joan L. 1985.Morphology: A study of the relation between meaning and form. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

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Date of creation
05-Ago-2021
Accepted term
05-Ago-2021
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2
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