Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Indirect Object

Indirect Object

An indirect object is a grammatical relation that is one means of expressing the semantic role of goal and other similar roles.

It is proposed for languages in which the role is distinct from the direct object and the oblique object on the basis of multiple independent syntactic or morphological criteria, such as the following:

  • Having a particular case marking, commonly dative
  • Governing an agreement affix on the verb, such as person or number
  • Being distinct from oblique relations in that it may be relativized
Page/s: 99
Source: Pei and Gaynor 1954

Pei, Mario A., and Frank Gaynor. 1954.A dictionary of linguistics. New York: Philosophical Library.

Page/s: 614
Source: Mish 1991

Mish, Frederick (editor). 1991.Webster's ninth new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. 1,564 pages. 0877795088; indexed 0877795096; deluxe 087779510X.

Page/s: 155–156
Source: Hartmann and Stork 1972

Hartmann, R.R.K., and F.C. Stork. 1972.Dictionary of language and linguistics. London: Applied Science.

Page/s: 109–110
Source: Givón 1984

Givón, T. 1984.Syntax: A functional-typological introduction. Volume I. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Page/s: 156
Source: Crystal 1985

Crystal, David. 1985.A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell.

Page/s: 66
Source: Comrie 1989

Comrie, Bernard. 1989.Language universals and linguistic typology. 2nd edition. Chicago: University of Chicago.

Page/s: 126–128
Source: Andrews, A. 1985

Andrews, Avery. 1985. "The major functions of the noun phrase." In Shopen 1985b

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