Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Lexical Relation

Lexical Relation

A lexical relation is a culturally recognized pattern of association that exists between lexical units in a language.

(English paradigmatic lexical relations)

Here is a table showing some common paradigmatic lexical relations in English with example sets and underlying structure:

Lexical relation

Example set

Underlying structure

synonym

A "happy" synonym set: {happy, joyful, glad}

simple set

measurement

A "temperature" set: {cold, cool, lukewarm, warm, hot}

scale

opposite

A "social relation" set: {(student, teacher), (patient, doctor)}

set of pairs

generic-specific whole-part

A "whole-part" tree:

  • house
  • roof
  • walls
  • floor
  • tree

    Underlying structure

    Each lexical relation has an underlying structure that describes the relationship that senses within a lexical relation set have with each other.

    Here are some underlying structures of lexical relations:

    • simple set
    • scale
    • set of pairs
    • tree

    Broader Terms

    More specific terms

    Related terms

    Date of creation
    05-Ago-2021
    Accepted term
    05-Ago-2021
    Descendant terms
    11
    ARK
    ark:/99152/t3m5pv3jrnon60
    More specific terms
    2
    Alternative terms
    0
    Related terms
    14
    Notes
    2
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