Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Word

Word

A word is a unit which is a constituent at the phrase level and above. It is sometimes identifiable according to such criteria as

  • being the minimal possible unit in a reply
  • having features such as

    • a regular stress pattern, and
    • phonological changes conditioned by or blocked at word boundaries
  • being the largest unit resistant to insertion of new constituents within its boundaries, or
  • being the smallest constituent that can be moved within a sentence without making the sentence ungrammatical.

A word is sometimes placed, in a hierarchy of grammatical constituents, above the morpheme level and below the phrase level.

Page/s: 462
Source: Pike and Pike 1982

Pike, Kenneth L., and Evelyn G. Pike. 1982.Grammatical analysis. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

Page/s: 1358
Source: Mish 1991

Mish, Frederick (editor). 1991.Webster's ninth new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. 1,564 pages. 0877795088; indexed 0877795096; deluxe 087779510X.

Page/s: 256
Source: Hartmann and Stork 1972

Hartmann, R.R.K., and F.C. Stork. 1972.Dictionary of language and linguistics. London: Applied Science.

Page/s: 168, 383–384
Source: Crystal 1980

Crystal, David. 1980.A first dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Page/s: 35–36
Source: Cruse 1986

Cruse, D. A. 1986.Lexical semantics. Cambridge, England: University Press.

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Date of creation
05-Ago-2021
Accepted term
05-Ago-2021
Descendant terms
31
ARK
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19
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