Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Head

Head

A head is a constituent of an endocentric construction that, if standing alone, could perform the syntactic function of the whole construction .

It may govern the:

  • agreement of grammatical categories, such as person and number, or
  • occurrence of other constituents.

(English)

In the following construction, the noun chair heads the noun phrase . It also determines number on the verb:

  • The wooden chairs in the corner are finished.
  • In the following construction, the verb given heads the verb phrase would have given. It also determines the occurrence of a direct object and indirect object later in the clause:

  • Mary would have given Bill a dictionary.
  • Page/s: 25–26
    Source: Pike and Pike 1982

    Pike, Kenneth L., and Evelyn G. Pike. 1982.Grammatical analysis. Dallas, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics.

    Page/s: 89
    Source: Pei and Gaynor 1954

    Pei, Mario A., and Frank Gaynor. 1954.A dictionary of linguistics. New York: Philosophical Library.

    Page/s: 557
    Source: Mish 1991

    Mish, Frederick (editor). 1991.Webster's ninth new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. 1,564 pages. 0877795088; indexed 0877795096; deluxe 087779510X.

    Page/s: 34, 102
    Source: Hartmann and Stork 1972

    Hartmann, R.R.K., and F.C. Stork. 1972.Dictionary of language and linguistics. London: Applied Science.

    Page/s: 146
    Source: Crystal 1985

    Crystal, David. 1985.A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell.

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    Date of creation
    05-Ago-2021
    Accepted term
    05-Ago-2021
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