Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Lexical Category

Lexical Category

A lexical category is a syntactic category for elements that are part of the lexicon of a language. These elements are at the word level.

There are major and minor lexical categories.

Major categories:

Every language has at least two major lexical categories:

  • noun
  • verb

Many languages also have two other major categories:

  • adjective
  • adverb

Minor categories:

Many languages have minor lexical categories such as:

  • conjunctions
  • particlesadpositions
Note:

Grammatical categories are distinct from formal relational categories such as subject, object and predicate, or functional categories such as agent, topic or definite.

Page/s: 32
Source: Payne, T. 1997a

Payne, Thomas E. (1997) .Describing morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

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Date of creation
05-Ago-2021
Accepted term
05-Ago-2021
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