A lexical category is a syntactic category for elements that are part of the lexicon of a language. These elements are at the word level.
There are major and minor lexical categories.
Every language has at least two major lexical categories:
Many languages also have two other major categories:
Many languages have minor lexical categories such as:
Grammatical categories are distinct from formal relational categories such as subject, object and predicate, or functional categories such as agent, topic or definite.
Payne, Thomas E. (1997) .Describing morphosyntax: A guide for field linguists. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.
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