Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Lexical Phonology

Lexical Phonology

Lexical phonology is an approach to phonology that accounts for the interactions of morphology and phonology in the word building process.

The lexicon plays a central, productive role in the theory. It consists of ordered levels, which are the domain for certain phonological or morphological processes.

Here is a diagram of the overall structure of the lexical phonology model:

(English)

Here is an example of an application of lexical phonology:

  • Here are the words to be considered in this example:
    • sane [sejn] / sanity [sQnIti]
    • neighbor [nejb«&u0279;] / neighborhood [nejb«&u0279;hUd] *[nQb«&u0279;hUd]
  • The following rule applies across level 1 morpheme boundaries:
    • A tense vowel becomes lax when a short word is lengthened by adding a suffix, so that the words ends up having at least three syllables.
  • This derivation demonstrates affixation in lexical phonology accompanied by the application of a phonological rule, trisyllabic shortening.

Source: Mohanan 1986

Mohanan, K. P. 1986.The theory of lexical phonology. Dordrecht, Holland: Reidel.

Page/s: 139
Source: Katamba 1989

Katamba, Francis. 1989.An introduction to phonology. Essex, England: Longman.

Page/s: 178
Source: Durand 1990

Durand, Jacques. 1990.Generative and non-linear phonology. New York: Longman.

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Date of creation
05-Ago-2021
Accepted term
05-Ago-2021
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