Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Root

Root

A root is the portion of a word that

  • is common to a set of derived or inflected forms, if any, when all affixes are removed
  • is not further analyzable into meaningful elements, being morphologically simple, and
  • carries the principle portion of meaning of the words in which it functions.

If a root does not occur by itself in a meaningful way in a language, it is referred to as a bound morpheme.

  • Disestablish
  • Establishment
  • Establishments
Page/s: 187–188
Source: Pei and Gaynor 1954

Pei, Mario A., and Frank Gaynor. 1954.A dictionary of linguistics. New York: Philosophical Library.

Page/s: 1023
Source: Mish 1991

Mish, Frederick (editor). 1991.Webster's ninth new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. 1,564 pages. 0877795088; indexed 0877795096; deluxe 087779510X.

Page/s: 64
Source: Matthews 1991

Matthews, P. H. 1991.Morphology. 2nd edition. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University.

Page/s: 199
Source: Hartmann and Stork 1972

Hartmann, R.R.K., and F.C. Stork. 1972.Dictionary of language and linguistics. London: Applied Science.

Page/s: 268
Source: Crystal 1985

Crystal, David. 1985.A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell.

Broader Terms

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Date of creation
05-Ago-2021
Accepted term
05-Ago-2021
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