Glossary of Linguistic Terms

Stem

Stem

A stem is the root or roots of a word, together with any derivational affixes , to which inflectional affixes are added.

A stem consists minimally of a root , but may be analyzable into a root plus derivational morphemes . A stem may require an inflectional operation (often involving a prefix or suffix) in order to ground it into discourse and make it a fully understandable word. If a stem does not occur by itself in a meaningful way in a language, it is referred to as a bound morpheme .

(English)

  • The verbs tie and untie are both stems.
  • The inflectional third person singular suffix -s may be added to the stems to form ties and unties.
Page/s: 1154
Source: Mish 1991

Mish, Frederick (editor). 1991.Webster's ninth new collegiate dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. 1,564 pages. 0877795088; indexed 0877795096; deluxe 087779510X.

Page/s: 287
Source: Crystal 1985

Crystal, David. 1985.A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. 2nd edition. New York: Basil Blackwell.

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Date of creation
05-Ago-2021
Accepted term
05-Ago-2021
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